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MLAWA 1939
Autor Wiadomość
Wojciech Zalewski
Generał (wydawca)


Pomógł: 5 razy
Dołączył: 15 Mar 2004
Posty: 14485
Skąd: warszawa
Wysłany: Wto 04 Kwi, 2006   MLAWA 1939

The battle of Mława was the first combat from many which occured on the Northern Mazowsze in 1939 (Polish territory north of Warsaw). The German Third Army commanded by General Kuchler fought against the Polish Army "Modlin". The Germans had tremendous predominance. In the main sector they had five divisions including one armoured division while the Polish had only one division and two cavalry brigades. Though there was one Infantry Division (8th ID) in reserve, but it was too far to intervene in the operation.
Despite of such a great predominance the Germans did not break Polish front lines because the 20th Polish Infantry Division which defended Mława position was strengthened by stationary fortifications. Their flanks were situated on swamps and wet soil. The Germans had stormed the defences for over three days before they were able to capture abandoned positions. As the German commander of the 3-rd German Army could not overcome the front Polish positions, he ordered to go round Mława from the south. The army corps of General Wodrig with General Kempf's armoured division were designated to carry out that task. After three days these military units pushed away the Cavalry Brigade “Mazowsze” and attacked Przasnysz and Ciechanów, thereby cutting up the Polish unit. Poorly commanded the 8-th Polish Infantry Division, which was counter-attacking in this place, panicked and left the battle field in confusion. Meanwhile the soldiers from the the 20-th Polish Infantry Division still remained on Mława position. The order that they must leave their positions reached them at night. Before the sunrise columns started to march on to the south. This manoeuvre had not been noticed by the enemy. The Germans didn’t recognize the situation until the morning. They were not able to catch retreating Poles so they sent the Air Force to attack and inflicted great losses on the enemy. The 20th Polish ID and the 8th ID (except for the 21st infantry regiment) were defeated and scattered. Cavalry Brigade "Nowogród" and Cavalry Brigade "Mazowsze" retreated without obstacles. All Polish military units were ordered to stop on the line of the Wisła River. The enemy was expected to force the line. But the Germans were not going to attack Modlin. They directed their army on the east to Różan and Pułtusk. After one day of fights they seized suburbs and made impossible to build the unified front based on the rivers lines. In this situation the reserve of Modlin Army was ordered to move back behind the line of the Bug River and to create a uniform defense line there.
After this manoeuvre the left flank of General Fijałkowski's Self-Continental Operational Group "Narew" was exposed. The Group had been fighting since 6th September against German military units which attacked from the north. Poles found themselves surrounded after attack on the south flank and the only direction of a retreat (to the south-east) was blocked by the XIX Armoured Corps of General Guderian whose the 3rd and the 10th AD overcame the Polish defences near Mława and went on the flank of "Narew" Self-Contained Operational Group.
In such a complicated situation General Fijałkowski ordered to leave the line of the Narew River and march to Zambrów. He was going to capture the town and to continue the march on the south. Unfortunately the maneuver appeared to be very difficult to realize. Tired of continual fights Polish soldiers were not able to defeat the enemy. Only cavalry brigades ("Podlasie" and "Suwałki") avoided an extermination.
Today, after nearly sixty years we may attempt to make a detailed analysis of those events and though it is impossoble to reconstruct historical realities of those days (e.g. desertions), we may to try to fight the campaign differently. For instance a different army concentration or more resolved military operations of the Operational Group "Wyszków" might cause local success at least. As a Player everybody can command the whole Polish Army so he can direct each battalion or regiment to any chosen by himself place. The Polish commanders who fought in 1939 had no such possibilities. Drawing a simple conclusion we shouldn't assign a commanding to operational groups or armies without simultaneous designation a commander-in chief for such an important front sector.

Another fact simulated in the game is the possibility of comming into operation of Polish reserved military units like the 35th ID, Group "Grodno" or the Cavalry Brigade "Wołkowysk". The element of Soviet Army participation ws ommited in the game because it was not important for the campaign till 18th September 1939 (the longest scenario lasts till 20th September).
 
 
 
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