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Wojna francusko-pruska 1870-71 - Gravelotte - St. Privat.
Autor Wiadomość
Gość

Wysłany: Pon 22 Sty, 2007   Wojna francusko-pruska 1870-71 - Gravelotte - St. Privat.

Dla miłosników OdB (w tym mnie).

Niestety po janielsku, ale może kiedyś conieco dam radę (w sensie znajomości języka) przełożyć.

Nawiasy zdaje się oznaczają liczbę batalionów/dywizjonów.


Gravelotte-St Privat – August 18th 1870
On the morning of August 18th 1870 began what was to be the largest battle of the Franco-Prussian War. At the end of the day the French Army retreated back behind the defences of the Metz forts, where it was to remain until its capitulation xx days later.

Although heavily outnumbered and outgunned, the French were presented with several opportunities to win a stunning victory, a victory which may well have turned the whole course of the war.

The Strategic situation

Following the battles on theFrontier (Spicheren, Wissembourg, Worth), the French armies fell back on Chalons (McMahon with I, V and VII Corps) and Metz (Bazaine with II, III and IV). At Metz Baziane was to assemble his corps together with the Imperial Guard and the hastily assembled VI Corps, and then unite with McMahon at Chalons. This was the French plan, such as it was.

The French were very dilatory in their efforts to escape the pursuing forces and their rearguard was attacked in what became the battle of Columbey. Although the French repulsed the attacks, it proved to be a fatal delay to the retreat.

Napoleon III himself left the army to its own devices and headed to Chalons via way of Verdun leaving Bazaine instructions to follow.

The Prussian I and II armies, having sorted themselves out of the tangled mess that von Steinmetz had managed to cause, crossed the Moselle River south of Metz, finding no opposition on the way. They then swung north expecting to catch the French rearguard.

The French had been so slow in passing through Metz, that the Prussian III corps hit the French advanced guard not their rearguard. In the furious battle of Mars-la-Tour that was to follow, III Corps supported for most of the day only by X Corps and 2 Cavalry Divisions, held up the entire French army.

The French then fell back upon a strong defensive position along the line of St-Privat-Amanvilliers-Gravelotte. As a result the French had their back to Metz and were facing Paris, The Prussians, the reverse. Hence a defeat for either side would prove to be disastrous. So it was to prove.

The Battle

The morning of the 18th found the French deployed with the II corps resting its left flank upon the Moselle River, with III, IV and VI Corps stretching away Northwards. VI Corps was open to being outflanked but Bazaine placed all his reserves behind the Southern flank to support II and III Corps.

The battle began with the Prussian I Army under that redoubtable loony, General von Steinmetz, hurling itself upon the prepared positions of the II and III French Corps. Not satisfied with progress he commited more troops until both VII and VII Corps were milling about in the Mance Ravine whilst the French took pot shots at them. Steinmetz’s answer was to commit the Cavalry and so the 1st Cavalry Division had to charge across the ravine as well. His final act of the day was to commit the fresh II Corps to the battle with the same, predictable results. Only a complete lack of French initiative and the incredible mess in the Mance Ravine prevented three entire Corps being swept away in total rout.

Further North von Manstein’s IX Corps was pinned down by Chassepot rifle fire.

Only in the far North did things begin to go wrong for the French. Here Canrobert’s VI Corps held the open flank without promise of any assistance.

The Prussian efforts to outflank the French right resulted in the Prussian Imperial Guard Corps hitting Canrobert’s men head-on. Rather than wait for the Saxons of the XII Corps to march around the French flank, or wait for the artillery to catch up, the entire infantry of the Guard launched itself up a bare slope at the French position. None got much closer than 600 yards and by the end of the day, nearly half the Corps would be listed as casualties.

Finally the Prussian twigged as to what was required and assembled 200+ Krupp guns which they used to batter the French lines. Under this maelstrom of fire and with the Saxons at last bring pressure to bear, the French postion collapsed.

Too late in the day Bazaine sent General Bourbaki with the Guard Grenadier Division to shore up the line. But on seeing the rout of VI Corps, Bourbaki turned the Guard around.

As darkness fell, the French retreated the last distance back into Metz.

The reconstruction

What follows is my version of the OOB’s for the respective forces. I have relied on two main sources for this :-

The Franco-German War of 1870 – German General Staff

Studes from the Franco-Prussian War, The French Imperial Army – Stephen Shann

There are likely to be may contentious issue contained herein, but I welcome comment as always.

I have taken what information I have read so far and amalgamated it, hence any ideas put forward here pay homage to the author and are not intended as a attempt to pinch good ideas.

Rob Gill
vonsteinmetz@hotmail.com

FRENCH ARMY

Marshal Bazaine AC

II CORPS

General Frossard CC, II Corps

1st Division, Gen Verge DC Exhaustion=8 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Valaze

3rd Chasseurs 6 [ ] ss
32nd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
55th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Brigade, Gen Jolivet
76th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
77th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
6th Battery, 5th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
5th + 12th Batteries, 5th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
2nd Division, Gen Bataille DC Exhaustion=8 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
1st Brigade, Gen Pouget

12th Chasseurs 6 [ ] ss
8th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
23rd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Brigade, Gen Bastoul
66th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
67th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional Troops
9th Battery, 5th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
7th + 8th Batteries, 5th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

(Attached from V Corps)

Gen Lapasset DC Exhaustion=5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Co. 14th Chasseurs 6 [ ] ss
84th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
97th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
3rd Lancers 5 [s] lt, lncr
7th Battery, 2nd Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] R-F

Corps Troops

10th + 11th Batteries, 5th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv
6th + 10th Batteries, 15th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
7th + 8th Batteries, 17th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

III CORPS

Marshal Le Boeuf CC, III Corps

1st Division, Gen Montaudon DC Exhaustion=10 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Aymard

18th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
51st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
62nd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Brigade, Gen Clinchant
81st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
95th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
8th Battery, 4th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
5th + 6th Batteries, 4th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

2nd Division, Gen de Castagny DC Exhaustion=9 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Nayral

15th Chasseurs 6 [ ] ss
19th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
41st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Duplessis

69th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
90th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

9th Battery, 4th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
11th + 12th Batteries, 4th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
3rd Division, Gen Mettmann DC Exhaustion=10 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
1st Brigade, Gen de Potier

7th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
7th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
29th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Arnaudeau

59th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
71st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

5th Battery, 11th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
6th + 7th Batteries, 11th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

4th Division, Gen Decean DC Exhaustion=11 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen de Brauer

11th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
44th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
60th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Sangle-Ferriere

80th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
85th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

8th Battery, 11th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
9th + 10th Batteries, 11th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

Corps Troops

10th + 12th Batteries, 11th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv
7th + 10th Batteries, 4th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
1st + 2nd Batteries, 17th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
3rd + 4th Batteries, 17th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

IV CORPS
General de Ladmirault CC, IV Corps

1st Division, Gen de Cissey DC Exhaustion=9 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Brayer

20th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
1st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
6th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Golberg

57th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
73rd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional troops

12th Battery, 15th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
5th + 9th Batteries, 15th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

2nd Division, Gen Grenier DC Exhaustion=9 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Bellecourt

5th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
13th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
43rd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Pradier

64th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
98th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

5th Battery, 1th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
6th + 7th Batteries, 5th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

3rd Division, Gen de Lorencez DC Exhaustion=10 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Pajol

2nd Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
15th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
33rd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Brigade, Gen Berger
54th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
66th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional Troops
8th Battery, 1st Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
9th + 10th Batteries, 1st Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
Corps Troops
11th + 12th Batteries, 1th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv
6th + 7th Batteries, 8th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
5th + 6th Batteries, 17th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

VI CORPS

Marshal Canrobert CC, VI Corps

1st Division, Gen Tixier DC Exhaustion=10 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Pechot

9th Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] ss
4th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
10th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen le Roy de Dais

12th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
100th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional troops

12th Battery, 8th Field Artillery Regt (Mitrailleuse) 5 [ ] mg
5th, 7th + 8th Batteries, 8th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] R-F

2nd Division, Gen Bisson DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Archinaud

9th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

9th + 10th Batteries, 13th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv

3rd Division, Gen de Villiers DC Exhaustion=6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen de Sonnay

75th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
91st Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen Colin

93rd Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] ( linear stand )
94th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

5th, 6th + 7th, 14th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] R-F

4th Division, Gen Levassor-Sorval DC Ex=8 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen Marguenat

25th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
26th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen de Chanaleilles

28th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
70th Regt de Ligne 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional Troops

7th, 8th + 9th Batteries, 10th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] R-F

CAVALRY

2nd Cavalry Division

Gen de Valabregue DC Exhaustion= 2 [ ] [ ]
(Gen Marmier should have led this division, but didn’t make it to the battlefield in time)

1st Brigade, (under direct command of Gen de Valabregue)

4th + 5th Chasseurs 5 [s] [s] lt
2nd Brigade, Gen Bachelier
7th + 12th Dragoons 5 [ ] [ ] md

3rd Cavalry Division

Gen Clerambault DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

(1st Brigade attached to 1st Reserve Cavalry Division)

2nd Brigade, Gen de Maubranches

2nd + 4th Dragoons 5 [ ] [ ] md
3rd Brigade, Gen de Juniac
5th + 8th Dragoons 5 [ ] [ ] md

4th Cavalry Division

Gen Legrand DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen de Montaigu

2nd + 7th Hussars 5 [s] [s] lt
2nd Brigade,Gen de Gondrecourt
3rd + 11th Dragoons 5 [ ] [ ] md

Imperial Guard Cavalry Division

Gen Desvaux DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

2nd Brigade, Gen de France

Guard Dragoons + Lancers 6 [ ] [ ] md
3rd Brigade, Gen du Preuil
Guard Cuirassiers + Carabiniers 6 [ ] [ ] Hv

1st Reserve Cavalry Division

Gen du Barail DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Gen de Lajaille

2nd Chasseurs d’Afrique + 2nd Chasseurs 6 [ ] [ ] lt
2nd Brigade, Gen de Bruchard
3rd + 10th Chasseurs 5 [s] [s] lt
Attached :-
5th + 6th Batterries, 19th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

3rd Reserve Cavalry Divison

Gen Forton DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Prince Murat

1st + 9th Dragoons 5 [ ] [ ] md
2nd Brigade, Gen de Gramont
7th + 10th Cuirassiers. 5 [ ] [ ] Hv
Attached:-
7th + 8th Batteries, 20th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

RESERVE ARTILLERY

Gen Canu DC

Field Artillery Reserve, Colonel Salvador

(5th +6th Batteries attached to 2nd Division, VI corps)
7th +8th Batteries, 13th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv
9th +10th Batteries, 13th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv
11th +12th Batteries, 13th Field Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-Hv

Horse Artillery Reserve, Colonel Toussant

1st +2nd Batteries, 18th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
3rd +4th Batteries, 18th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
5th +6th Batteries, 18th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F
7th +8th Batteries, 18th Horse Artillery Regt 5 [ ] [ ] R-F

Notes on French OOB:

French Corps are all at 50% exhaustion, except for the Imperial Guard, which is set to 60%.

There is a large variation in regimental strengths caused by mobilisation difficulties and casualties at Spicheren, Colombey and Mars-la-Tour. 4SP is the standard size. As a result all French regiments are understrength except for the 44th Ligne. The 44th Ligne’s regimental depot was Metz.

3rd Division, II Corps was not present at the battle. It was detached to garrison the Metz forts following its rough handling at Spicheren. Its place was partly taken by Lavacoupet’s Brigade, which had been picked up, from where it had been left when V Corps retreated to Chalons. The 3rd Lancer Regiment came with it as did 1 squadron of the 7th Hussars, which was attached to form an escort for Marshal Bazaine.

The 1st Reserve Cavalry Division should be made up of 4 regiments of Chasseurs d’Afrique, however one was wandering around Southern France, and 2 more had been attached, together with 3rd Bn, 3rd Grenadier Guards to escort Napoleon III to Chalons. The division was reconstituted by transferring the 1st Brigade, 3rd Cavalry Division to it.

The Guard Grenadier Division was roughly handled at Mars-la-Tour, suffering over 1,000 casualties. This together with the detachment to escort Napoleon III, left 3rd Regiment with less than 1,000 effectives for the battle, hence it can only be regarded as a 2SP linear stand.

The 93rd Ligne is also rated as a linear stand as it was the weakest regiment in the army and was run over by von Bredow’s Cavalry, amongst other things, at Mars-la-Tour.

All Guard Grenadier Regiments are rated as shock troops, and all Voltigeur regiments may detach a single stand of M6 sharpshooters.

The VI corps arrived at Metz with only 1 regiment of its 2nd division, half its artillery, no cavalry and most importantly of all, no shovels. As a result VI corps is not entrenched in any way. II, III and IV corps are all occupying positions rated as hasty works.

The French deployed II, III, IV and VI corps in the front line and held the Imperial Guard and Reserve Artillery in reserve behind. In the event neither reserve was used.

The French cavalry spent the day stuffed into a ravine just behind IV corps. It did nothing during the entire battle apart from 2 squadrons of the 3rd Chasseurs a Cheval, which attempted to charge, but quickly packed in the idea when they got shot at.

PRUSSIAN I ARMY

General von Steinmetz AC
1st Army General Staff AC

VII CORPS

Gen von Zastrow CC

13th Division, Lt Gen v Glumer DC Exhaustion=12 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

25th Brigade, Major Gen Baron von Osten-Sacken

13th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
73rd Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
26th Brigade, Major Gen Baron von Golz
15th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
55th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
7th Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
8th Hussars 5 [s] lt
5th + 6th Lt Batteries, 3rd Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Hv Batteries, 3rd Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

14th Division, Gen v. Kamecke DC Exhaustion=11 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

27th Brigade, Major Gen von Francois

39th Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
74th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
28th Brigade, Major Gen von Woyna
53rd Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
77th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
15th Hussars 5 [s] lt
1st + 2nd Lt Batteries, 1st Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Hv Batteries, 1st Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
Corps Artillery, Maj Gen v.Kleist DC
3rd + 4th Lt Batteries, 2nd Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Hv Batteries, 2nd Div, 7th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
2nd + 3rd Batteries, Horse Art Div, 7th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F

VIII CORPS

Gen von Goeben CC

15th Division, Lt Gen v Weltzien DC Exhaustion=14 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

29th Brigade, Major Gen von Wedell

33rd Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
60th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
30th Brigade, Major Gen Strubberg
28th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
67th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
8th Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
7th Hussars 5 [s] lt
5th + 6th Lt Batteries, 3rd Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Hv Batteries, 3rd Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

16th Division, Lt Gen Barnekow DC Exhaustion=11 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

31st Brigade, Major Gen Count von Gneisenau

29th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
69th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
32nd Brigade, Colonel von Rex
40th Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
72nd Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
9th Hussars 5 [s] lt
1st + 2nd Lt Batteries, 1st Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Hv Batteries, 1st Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
Corps Artillery, Colonel von Kamecke DC
3rd + 4th Lt Batteries, 2nd Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Hv Batteries, 2nd Div, 8th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
1st, 2nd + 3rd Btys, Horse Art Div, 8th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] AR-F

1st Cavalry Division,

Lieut Gen von Hartmann DC Exhaustion=4 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Major Gen von Luderitz

2nd Kurassiere, 4th Uhlans + 9th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] [s] md
2nd Brigade, Major Gen von Baumgarth
3rd Kurassiere, 8th Uhlans + 12th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] [s] md
Attached:-
1st Horse Art Battery, 1st Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] AR-F

PRUSSIAN II ARMY

Crown Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia AC
II Army General Staff I AC
II Army General Staff II AC

Imperial Guard Corps

Prince Augustus von Wurtemberg CC

1st Division, Maj Gen von Pape DC Exhaustion=20 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Major Gen Kessel

1st Foot Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Foot Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Brigade, Major Gen von Meden
3rd Foot Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
4th Foot Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Guard Fusileer Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
Guard Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
Guard Hussar Regiment 6 [s] lt
1st + 2nd Light batteries, 1st Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Heavy batteries, 1st Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

2nd Division, Gen von Budritzki DC Exhaustion=16 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

3rd Brigade, Colonel von Knappstadt

1st Grenadier Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Grenadier Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
4th Brigade, Gen von Berger
3rd Grenadier Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
4th Grenadier Guard Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
Guard Schutzen Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
2nd Guard Uhlan Regiment 6 [s] lt, lncr
5th + 6th Light batteries, 3rd Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Heavy batteries, 3rd Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
Corps Artillery, Oberst von Scherbening DC
3rd + 4th Light batteries, 2nd Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy batteries, 2nd Div, Gd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
1st, 2nd + 3rd Horse Art batteries, Gd Horse Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] AR-F

III CORPS

Gen von Alvensleben CC

5th Division, Lt Gen v Stulpnagel DC Exhaustion=7 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

9th Brigade, Major Gen von Doring

8th Grenadier Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
48th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
10th Brigade, Major Gen von Schwerin
12th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
52nd Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]

Divisional troops

3rd Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
12th Dragoons 5 [s] md
1st +2nd Light Batteries, 1st Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st +2nd Heavy Batteries, 1st Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

6th Div, Lt Gen v Buddenbrock DC Exhaustion=7 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

11th Brigade, Major Gen von Rothmaler

20th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
35th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
12th Brigade, Colonel von Bismark
24th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
64th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
2nd Dragoons 5 [s] md
5th +6th Light Batteries, 3rd Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Heavy Batteries, 3rd Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

Corps Artillery, Maj Gen v.Bulow DC

3rd +4th Light Batteries, 2nd Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy Batteries, 2nd Div, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
2nd +3rd Horse Art Batteries, 3rd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F

IX CORPS

Lt Gen von Manstein CC

18th Division, Lt Gen v Wrangel DC Exhaustion=12 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

35th Brigade, Major Gen von Blumenthal

36th Fusileer Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
84th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
36th Brigade, Major Gen von Below
11th Grenadier Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
85th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
9th Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
6th Dragoons 5 [s] md
1st + 2nd Lt Batteries, 1stDiv, 9th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Hv Batteries, 1st Div, 9th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

25th Division, Lt Gen HRH Prince Louis of Hesse DC Exhaustion=11 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

49th Brigade, Major Gen von Wettich

1st Hessian Leib-Gardes 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Hessian Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
1st Hessian Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
50th Brigade, Colonel von Lyncker
3rd Hessian Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
4th Hessian Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
2nd Hessian Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
Divisional troops
1st , 2nd +3rd Light Batteries, Hessian Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st +2nd Heavy Batteries, Hessian Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
Horse Artillery Battery, Hessian Field Art Regt 6 [ ] AR-F
25th Cavalry Brigade, Gen von Schlotheim
1st & 2nd Reiters 5 [ ] [ ] md
Corps Artillery, Maj Gen v.Puttkammer DC
3rd +4th Light Batteries, 2nd Div, 9th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy Batteries, 2nd Div, 9th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

X CORPS

Lt Gen vonVoights-Rhetz I CC

19th Division, Gen v Shwartzkoppen DC Exhaustion=7 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

37th Brigade, Colonel Lehmann

78th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
91st Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
38th Brigade, Major Gen von Wedell
16th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ]
57th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
9th Dragoons 5 [s] md
1st + 2nd Lt Batteries, 1st Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Hv Batteries, 1st Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

20th Division, Gen v Kraatz-Koschlau DC Exhaustion=9 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

39th Brigade, Major Gen von Woyna

56th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
79th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
40th Brigade, Major Gen Dirinshofen
17th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
92nd Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
10th Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
16th Dragoons 5 [s] md
3rd + 4th Light batteries, 2nd Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy batteries, 2nd Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

Corps Artillery, Colonel Baron von de Becke DC

5th +6th Light Batteries, 3rd Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Heavy Batteries, 3rd Div, 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
1st + 3rd Btys Horse Art Div 10th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F

XII (ROYAL SAXON) CORPS

H.R.H Crown Prince of Saxony CC

23rd Division, HRH Prince George of Saxony DC Exhaustion=16 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

45th Brigade, Major Gen von Craushaar

100th (1st Saxon Leib) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
101st (2nd Saxon) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
46th Brigade, Colonel von Montbe
102nd (3rd Saxon Leib) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
103rd (4th Saxon Leib) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
108th (Saxon Schutzen) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
1st (Crown Prince) Saxon Reiter Regt 5 [s] md
1st + 2nd Lt Batteries, 1st Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st + 2nd Hv Batteries, 1st Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

24th Division, Gen von Holderburg DC Exhaustion=15 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

47th Brigade, Major General von Leonhardi

104th (5th Saxon) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
105th (6th Saxon) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
12th Jaeger Bn 5 [ ] [ ] ss
48th Brigade, Colonel Schulz
106th (7th Saxon) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
107th (8th Saxon) Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
13th Jaeger Bn 5 [ ] [ ] ss
Divisional troops
2nd Saxon Reiter Regt 5 [s] md
2nd Saxon Jaeger Bn 5 [ ] [ ] ss
3rd + 4th Light batteries, 2nd Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy batteries, 2nd Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

Corps Artillery, Major Gen Kohler DC

5th + 6th Light batteries, 3rd Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Heavy batteries, 3rd Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
2nd Horse Art Bty, Horse Art Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
7th + 8th Heavy batteries, 2nd Div, 12th Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

CAVALRY

Guard Cavalry Division

Maj Gen v. der Goltz DC Ex=4 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

1st Brigade, Major Gen von Brandenburg I

Garde du Corps, Guard Kurassiere 6 [ ] [ ] Hv
2nd Brigade, HRH Prince Albrecht of Prussia
1st + 3rd Guard Uhlans 6 [s] [s] lt, lncr
3rd Brigade, Lieutenant Gen von Brandenburg II
1st +2nd Guard Dragoons 6 [ ] [ ] md

5th Cavalry Division

Lt Gen v.Rheinbaben: DC Exhaustion=5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

11th Brigade, Major Gen von Barby

4th Kurassiere, 19th Dragoons + 13th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] [s] md
12th Brigade, Major Gen von Bredow
7th Kurassiere, 13th Dragoons + 16th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] md
13th Brigade, Major Gen von Redern
10th, 11th + 17th (Brunswick) Hussars 5 [s] [s] [s] lt
Attached :-
1st H.A Battery, 4th Field Artillery Regt + 2nd H.A Battery, 10th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F

6th Cavalry Division

H.H. Duke Wilhelm of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Exhaustion=3 [ ] [ ] [ ]

14th Brigade, Major Gen Baron von Diepenbroick-Gruter

6th Kurassiere, 3rd Uhlans + 15th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] [s] md
15th Brigade, Major General von Rauch
3rd + 16th Hussars 5 [s] [s] lt
Attached :-
2nd Horse Art Battery, 3rd Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] AR-F

12th Cavalry Divison

Maj Gen Count Lippe DC Exhaustion=2 [ ] [ ]

23rd Brigade, Major Gen von Nidda

Saxon Guard Cavalry, 17th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] md
24th Brigade, Major Gen von Pilsach
3rd Saxon Reiter, 18th Uhlans 5 [ ] [ ] md
Attached :-
1st Horse Artillery Battery, 12th Field Artillery Regt 6 [ ] AR-F

UNATTACHED UNITS

II CORPS

Gen von Fransecky CC

3rd Division, Major Gen v Hartmann DC Exhaustion=14 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

5th Brigade, Major Gen von Koblinski

2nd Grenadier Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
42nd Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
6th Brigade, Colonel von de Decken
14th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
54th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
2nd Jager Bn 6 [ ] [ ] ss
3rd Dragoons 5 [s] md
1st +2nd Light Batteries, 1st Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
1st +2nd Heavy Batteries, 1st Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

4th Division, Lt Gen v Weyham DC Exhaustion=13 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]

7th Brigade, Major Gen du Trossel

9th Grenadier Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
49th Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
8th Brigade, Major Gen von Kettler
21st Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
61st Inf Regt 5 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]
Divisional troops
11th Dragoons 5 [s] md
5th +6th Light Batteries, 3rd Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
5th + 6th Heavy Batteries, 3rd Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv

Corps Artillery, Maj Gen von.Kleist DC

3rd +4th Light Batteries, 2nd Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F
3rd + 4th Heavy Batteries, 2nd Div, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-Hv
2nd +3rd Horse Art Batteries, 2nd Field Art Regt 6 [ ] [ ] AR-F

Notes on Prussian OOB:-

There are actually 2 armies present; hence there are 2 AC’s. The titular head of the army as a whole was the King himself, but he did nothing during the battle other than give von Steinmetz the use of II corps when it arrived. Likewise von Moltke, Chief of the General Staff, did nothing except agree with the King. As a result they are not represented on the battlefield.

There are also additional AC's depicting the ever present Prussian General Staff. These act in all repects as AC's (their word was divine law). There is one General Staff AC for the Ist Army and 2 for the IInd Army (to reflect their relative sizes).

II corps is not directly attached to either army, but in the real battle von Steinmetz was given use of it; hence it should be attached to I Army if you wish to follow history.

VIII Corps on paper was part of the I Army, but had been detached under the King’s direct command, primarily to stop von Steinmetz doing anything stupid with it. However he gave von Goeben the order to attack, which he obeyed. Although strictly speaking he could have ignored this order and referred to the King, he obediently sent his corps to its destruction in the Mance Ravine.

All infantry corps have 50% exhaustion limits except the Guard, which has 60% and III and X corps which have 40%. I have downrated the III and X corps as I believe this to be the best way to portray what happened at Mars-la-Tour. III Corps in particular suffered severely as it attempted to fight the entire French Army on its own. In the historical battle, both these Corps were held in reserve and virtually uncommited with the exception of their Corps artillery assests, which were leant to the Corps in front of them.

Cavalry divisions have, in theory, 60% exhaustion, but due to the strengths it comes out as 50% in most cases. Von Bredow’s Brigade ( 12th Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division ) has been reduced following its infamous ‘Death Ride’ at Mars-la-Tour – the equivalent 4 squadrons were lost during the charge.

The downgrading of III and X corps is as a result of the battle of Mars-la-Tour (Rezonville) 2 days previously, in which these 2 corps held up the entire French army virtually without assistance. As a result of this they were placed in the rear of the army, III corps behind IX corps, and X corps behind the Guard Corps. Apart from their Corps artillery assets, which were lent to the corps in front, they were not seriously engaged.

Prussian Corps artillery have their own commanders so can act independently under his command.

The Guard Fusileer and Saxon Schutzen Regiments are treated as light infantry regiments; that is to say they may break down entirely into skirmish (not sharpshooters) stands. I have some doubts as to the deployment of the Guard Fusileers this way as other Fusileer battalions fought as the Line infantry, however the Saxon Schutzen wore Jager uniforms so that sort of implies a dual role.

IX Corps is a non-standard corps in that it includes the 25th Hessian Division. All the Hessian regiments have only 2 battalions, hence have only 4SP. They do, however, have an extra Jager battalion and a full Cavalry brigade attached to the division.

XII (Saxon) Corps is also slightly non-standard and it has its own attached cavalry division (12th).




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